Home > Churches > [:en]CHURCH LADY OF SNOW (RISI)[:SH]CRKVA GOSPE OD SNIJEGA (RISI)[:]

[:en]CHURCH LADY OF SNOW (RISI)[:SH]CRKVA GOSPE OD SNIJEGA (RISI)[:]

[:en]Strait chain that opens the entrance to the Bay of Risan was first mentioned under this name in 1458 . This strait is the focal point not only for the defense of Perast and Risan but also for Kotor . Confirming the Venetians and Turks . The intention of the Turks was that the chain after 1571 raise fortress .

Therefore, it is always very important in whose hands and both sides Chain. Perast is already in XIV. century referred to as guards the entrance to the Bay of Risan. How is this strait named, we do not know. There are two versions: The first says that there is more to Roman times Asked chain that prevented the entry of enemy fleet. Such a chain located at the entrance to Zadar and Dubrovnik port which is quite possible and strategically justified to expect in this case. The second version is based on archival data that tells us that in Kotor XIII. Century mentioned Catena family, which is the chain had their possessions. This family in their coat of arms has a chain. Right there at the entrance to the Bay of Risan probably Perast erected two small churches that are dedicated to the Virgin Mary and also defend their homes and lives once again entrusted the guard in which they claimed the most hope. These two churches mentioned in 1526, when a Charm from Perast leaves to the saying Mass on Škrpjel, in the church of Our Lady in the chain and in the church of Our Lady of Risi in the chain. These two churches mentioned and Kotor poet Ivan Bona Bolica in his famous work “Descriptio Urbis Ascriviensis”. This work was created in the first half of the XVI. Century. There is a tradition that the chain sunk a ship that was laden with rice, and the captain in gratitude to be alive for Testament church erected by the people he called “Our Lady of Oriza”. The people of the church of Our Lady of the Angels called Assumption, a second church of Our Lady. Where did the name Risa is not known. Perhaps it is the same root as the Lynx-an of the Indo-European or Latin REGHENA rigare, which means imbibe this is possible because the chain in 1461 mentioned mill called Dragomir and water “Buttercup” which flows into the sea near the church. Around the year 1600, in the hinterland of the churches mentioned in some vineyards and the little fertile land that can give a chapel cereals. Chains were the habitat of the hermit also the year 1579 mentioned in the chain three hermits who Kotor bishop ordered that at least once a month receive Communion. These hermits mentions abbot Cisilla in his Bove d’oro around 1624.. Kotor bishop Frano Županić (Franciscus de Zuppanis) bypassing the year 1579. Church of Our Lady of the Angels in the chain to use the same name: “Romitorium Chartenarum” so we learn that with the same living quarters. The church had only one movable altar. Then he mentioned the bell tower with one bell. Silver crown adorned the image of the Virgin.
Church of Our Lady of the Snows was built by the sea. Nave structure of rectangular shape.
See: Church of Our Lady of the Snows, NIP “Our Lady of the Rocks” – Perast, 2015.[:SH]Tjesnac Verige koji otvara ulaz u risanski zaljev prvi se puta spominje pod ovim imenom 1458. godine. Ovaj tjesnac predstavlja ključno mjesto ne samo za obranu Perasta i Risna već i za Kotor. Učvršćivali su ga Mlečani i Turci. Namjera je Turaka bila da na Verigama poslije 1571. godine podignu tvrđavu.

Stoga je uvijek bilo veoma važno u čijim je rukama i jedna i druga strana Veriga. Peraštani se već u XIV. stoljeću spominju kao čuvari ulaza u risanski zaljev. Kako je ovaj tjesnac dobio ime, nije nam poznato. Postoje dvije verzije: Prva govori o tome da je tu još u rimskim vremenima postavljan lanac koji bi priječio ulazak neprijateljskom brodovlju. Takav se lanac nalazio i na ulazu u zadarsku i dubrovačku luku što je sasvim bilo moguće i strateški opravdano očekivati i u ovom slučaju. Druga verzija se oslanja na arhivski podatak koji nam govori da se u Kotoru u XIII. stoljeću spominje obitelj Catena, koja je na Verigama imala svoje posjede. Ova obitelj u svome grbu ima lanac. Baš tu na ulazu u risanski zaljev vjerojatno su Peraštani podigli dvije crkvice koje su posvetili Blaženoj Djevici Mariji i tako obranu svojih ognjišta i života povjerili još jednom čuvaru u kojega su polagali najveću nadu. Ove se dvije crkvice spominju 1526. godine, kada neka Milina iz Perasta ostavlja da se izreku svete Mise na Škrpjelu, u crkvi Gospinoj na Verigama i u crkvi Gospe od Risi na Verigama. Ove dvije crkvice spominje i kotorski pjesnik Ivan Bona Bolica u svom poznatom djelu: „Descriptio Ascriviensis Urbis“. Ovo je djelo nastalo u prvoj polovini XVI. stoljeća. Postoji predanje da se u Verigama potopio neki brod koji je bio natovaren orizom, te je kapetan u znak zahvalnosti što je ostao živ za zavjet podigao crkvicu koju je narod nazvao „Gospa od Oriza“. Narod crkvu Gospe od Anđela zove Velika Gospa, a drugu crkvicu Mala Gospa. Otkud naziv Risa nije poznato. Možda je isti korijen kao i Ris-an od Indoevropskog REGH odnosno latinskog RIGARE, što znači natapati to je moguće jer se na Verigama 1461. spominje mlin zvan Dragomir i voda „Zlatica“ koja se uliva u more u blizini crkvice. Oko godine 1600. u zaleđu ove crkve spominju se neki vinogradi i malo plodno zemljište koje može dati jednu kapelu žita. Verige su bile i stanište pustinjaka tako se godine 1579. spominju na Verigama tri pustinjaka kojima je kotorski biskup naredio da barem jednom mjesečno prime pričest. Ove pustinjake spominje i opat Cisilla u svom djelu Bove d’ oro oko 1624. godine. Kotorski biskup Frano Županić (Franciscus de Zuppanis) obilazeći godine 1579. crkvu Gospe od Anđela na Verigama za istu upotrebljava naziv: „Romitorium Chartenarum“ tako saznajemo da se uz istu stanovalo. Crkva je imala samo jedan pomičan oltar. Tada se spominje i zvonik s jednim zvonom. Srebrna kruna resila je sliku Presvete Bogorodice.
Crkva Gospe od Snijega podignuta je uz samo more. Jednobrodna je građevina  pravougaonog oblika.
Vidi: Crkva Gospe od Snijega, NIP „Gospa od Škrpjela“ – Perast, 2015.[:]